Excerpt from Ramsar Convention site/World Wetland Day resources document
Wetland: land area that is saturated or flooded with water either permanently or seasonally
Inland wetlands: Lakes, rivers
Coastal wetlands: estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs
Man-made wetlands: fishponds, rice paddies, and salt pans
(at the shores of the Caspian sea)
Number of Contracting Parties: 169
Number of Ramsar Sites: 2,227
Total surface of designated sites: 214,875,598 ha
Static image from Ramsar video
MORE THAN A BILLION PEOPLE MAKE A LIVING FROM WETLANDS
Livelihoods from fishing, rice farming, travel, tourism, and water provision all depend on wetlands. And wetlands are vital to us in many other ways. They host a huge variety of life, protect our coastlines, provide natural sponges against river flooding, and store carbon dioxide to regulate climate change.
Excerpt from document
Wetlands: Providing more than a billion livelihoods
More than a billion people depend on wetlands for a living ! Just stop and think about that number – and about what a wetland actually is. The Ramsar Convention defines a wetland as any land area that is saturated or flooded with water, either permanently or seasonally, along with all beaches and shallow coastal areas. This definition covers all inland wetlands such as marshes, ponds, lakes, fens, rivers, floodplains, and swamps... as well as the whole range of coastal wetlands which include saltwater marshes, estuaries, mangroves, lagoons and coral reefs. Then we should add in all manmade wetlands such as fishponds, rice paddies, and salt pans.