Pentagon briefing on the Cuba “Health Attacks” by researchers on 2018-09-07


The Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon were briefed by teleconference on the Cuba Health Attacks on 2018-09-07 by three researchers who studied the symptoms of U.S. diplomats and their families. The researchers were University of Miami Neuro-Otologist/Otolaryngologist Dr. Michael Hoffer, University of Georgetown Chief of Neuroethics Studies Program Dr. James Giordano and University of Pittsburgh Otolaryngologist Dr. Carey Balaban.


Dr. Hoffer was one of the first specialists that was called by the State Department to evaluate the victims. He is affiliated with the Navy for more than two decades and has experience in traumatic brain injury (TBI) from his deployment during the Iraq war.


As reported by CBS News (references 1, 2), Dr. Giordano mentioned that most likely the incidents are linked to some form of electromagnetic pulse generation and/or hypersonic generation which would use the architecture of the human head to create something similar to an energetic amplifier or lens to induce a cavitational effect mediating the symptoms of the patients.


Dr. Giordano also referred to the notion of "brain sciences as forming at least one vector to the new battle space".


Sharon Weinberg, author of books on the scientific activities of the Pentagon/DARPA, reports on the briefing at her article: (


According to the article Dr. Hoffer mentioned: “As regards to foreign countries, I can tell you this much: Great Britain, Germany, Canada and France described it potentially being present in their embassy individuals,” he said. “But we either can’t say, or are not allowed to say if we saw any of those individuals.”


Sharon Weinberger is the author of:

Imaginary Weapons: A Journey Through the Pentagon's Scientific Underworld (2006)

The Imagineers of War: The Untold Story of DARPA, the Pentagon Agency that Changed the World (2017)


Commentaire en français

Les Chef d'État-Major du Pentagone ont été informés par téléconférence des « Attaques/Atteintes à la Santé » à Cuba le 2018-09-07 par trois chercheurs qui ont étudié les symptômes des diplomates américains et de leurs familles. Reportage de Sharon Weinberg, auteur d'ouvrages sur les activités scientifiques du Pentagone/de la DARPA:


Dr. Hoffer: « En ce qui concerne les pays étrangers, je ne peux vous dire que le suivant: la Grande-Bretagne, l'Allemagne, le Canada et la France ont décrit la présence potentielle de ceci dans leurs ambassades », a-t-il déclaré. "Mais nous ne pouvons pas dire, ou ne sommes pas autorisés à dire si nous avons examiné un de ces individus."




SOFWERX/Special Operation Command event on Neuroweapons - Presentations on Cuba “Health Attacks” by researchers on 2018-08-21


"Neurotechnologies as Weapons of Mass Disruption or Future Asymmetric Warfare: Putative Mechanisms, Emerging Threats, and Bad Actor Scenarios"


SOFWERX, in collaboration with the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)/J5 Donovan Group hosted on 2018-08-21 a “Radical Speaker Series” on neuroweapons (quote) "after several recent individuals at embassies in Cuba and China have incurred apparent brain injury following some form of ambient environmental insult or attack."



> Presentation by Dr. Hoffer MD


First presentation was given by Dr. Michael Hoffer, MD, University of Miami, Navy-affiliated Neuro-Otologist/Otolaryngologist * with experience in traumatic brain injury (TBI) from his deployment in the Iraq war. Dr. Hoffer was one of the first physicians to be called by the State Department to examine the victims.






Image: Dr. M. Hoffer during his presentation



Dr. Hoffer’s presentation:





Important excerpts follow. The full transcript is provided at this link.


“Symptoms being dizziness, cognitive disorders, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, pain in the ears or headache”.


“If you take the subjective visual vertical and the VEMP (Visual Evoked Myogenic Potentials) data, every one of the affected individuals, all 25 of them, had at least one test that was abnormal, telling us that their utricle or their saccule in least one year were affected. So the organs that tell you that you're up and down were affected universally in this population. That set of organs is extremely important because that gives you a perception of where you are in space. Not where your head’s turning but how your body is oriented to gravity. And when these organs are affected, when these organs are abnormal in this population and in other vestibular populations, individuals are severely affected. Because if you don't know which way up and down is, you're not really good for anything else.”


“Cognitive fog, inattention, problems retrieving information and increased irritability. And when you did the testing they were below the expected level for verbal fluency, for working memory and for sustained attention. They had difficulty with auditory processing and difficulty with increased levels of cognitive load. Now, while this pattern of abnormalities can be seen in other populations, at least according to our neuropsychological colleagues, the unique pattern seen here is unique to this group. So we have a unique set of vestibular findings and we have a unique set of neurocognitive or neuropsychological findings, and that combination is not seen in any other group of patients.”


“So I'm not we're not saying this is not mTBI but this does not fit the military definition of mTBI as subscribed a year ago”.


[14min08s] “So what is it. It's an acquired neurosensory dysfunction with essentially universal otolithic disorders, some additional vestibular findings and a unique pattern of cognitive findings. Remember, I described for you that otolithic abnormalities, utricle and saccule, mean that the individual has an abnormal gravity sense. Now, the site of injury could be limited to the inner ear with secondary cognitive dysfunction. Because when you don't know what upright is. Essentially when you're being chased by a tiger in the jungle and you fall down, you ‘re dinner for the tiger. It really doesn't matter if you can balance your checkbook or function cognitively. So it's quite possible, we have data in our lab with Carey and Bonnie as well that show that if you have a dysfunction of what's up and down, you don't have a lot of mental energy left over for cognitive tasks. So the injury could be limited to the inner ear and the cognitive effects may be secondary as simply the inability to know what up and down is. Or there could be injury in multiple parts of the system, that remains to be determined. But we're working on that now because, again, if you don't know what up and down is, you can't do much cognitively."



> Presentation by Dr. Giordano





“Embassy Encephalopathy” - J.Giordano PhD, Georgetown University
Full transcript:
Excerpts: "I'm a neuropathologist, I've been doing neuroscience for about 38 years." "My work is fairly well known for the term "neural weaponology." Back into 2006 and 2007 we developed a paradigm by which neuroscience could be weaponized and we assessed that on the world stage." (...) "By 2014 the National Academies and National Research Council reconvened and demonstrated that not only were the brain sciences viable but they were in fact of high value and were in use globally as neural weapons."
"We understand that during the 1970s and 1980s a number of countries were examining the idea of electromagnetic pulse devices, sonic devices. Some of these have gone sort of mass-market production, some of these are commercially available even today as Dr. Balaban will illustrate to you. These are purchasable direct off the shelf. Moreover, we know that there have been a lot of dedicated efforts by nation-states and including from non-state actors that have tried to get work in this area, primarily to create weapons of mass disruption. And we see these being used for example with varying success on crowds, small aggregates of people and against individuals." [19min49] "One of the things we worry about for example for an inner ear infection is the communication of that infection into the brain space that then would produce a meningitis. But if we create a pressure wave here, we can disrupt the internal structures in two ways. Number one, primarily by amplifying it through the Venturi effect of creating cavitation in this structure here called the ductus reuniens, which then affects the saccule, the ampulus here, the utriculus. And/or by then creating an effect that would then communicate upward into the brain space by creating a cavitational wave that goes up through the cochlear aqueduct directly into the cerebrospinal fluid.
Now recall the cerebrospinal fluid bathes the brain. So what you would tend to see is injuries that occur in around the space beginning here, that could then cause a more disruptive effect as you actually disrupt the flow of this fluid. This fluid moves. Any cavitation in this fluid is going to be disruptive and it can create something which is known as “communicating hydrocephalus”. So now what's happening is you're actually getting a change in the level of the fluid because of bubble expansion, bubble collapse. This continues to communicate, it doesn't disrupt the flow of that fluid, but it can produce neurological sequelae, both short and long-term. The other thing that that can then do is that can produce a lot of change in the way the brain resorbs its blood flow, because this particular mechanism also affects the way blood is exchanged between the brain space and the vascular space. But the vascular space is also a portal by which peripheral disruption can then lead to central disruption."
[21min56s] "So if we look at these communications what we can see is that any type of communication here into the subarachnoid space is capable of inducing a variable pressure wave, a cavitation wave, inclusive cavitation damage at a variety of different brain locales. We know that one of the things that this can then do is that can actually disrupt the integrity of the tissue because you're now increasing two things: number one, localized pressure, which then actually creates a traumatic event, which can then lead to axonal shearing and vascular effects which can then disrupt the blood flow to the brain. Disrupt the blood flow to the brain can then lead to microhemorrhagic infarcts, small level blood blood flow disruption, small areas of necrosis in the brain and this would then be more long-term. So clearly one way we could affect the brain through the inner ear is through the fluid medium that occurs via the inner ear directly to the subarachnoid space affecting the fluid medium that surrounds the brain and thereby causing a disruption to the brain structure directly."

> Presentation by Dr. Carey Balaban


Dr. Carey Balaban Ph.D. is Professor of Otolaryngology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, with secondary appointments in Neurobiology, Communication Sciences and Disorders and Bioengineering. 



Full transcript:


Transcript excerpt from "What I'd like to do is shift to the "Frey effect" as it is called. In fact I spoke with Alan Frey a couple of weeks ago, he's working as a consultant in the Washington area still and remembers this well. Very useful, we'll be back in contact with him. But he was telling me how he went to a meeting and someone working with radars said: “I can hear the radar pulses”. He was skeptical, so he went up to a radar facility with the guy, they played it at him and yes indeed he could hear it. And so this is the first paper describing it from Aerospace Medicine in December 1961. Next slide please. And what they did, looking at this in more detail, they went up and basically with all the different kinds of radar emitters they could get their hands on easily, they played different pulses at each other and they found that they were indeed audible and that they could block it by putting a piece of screen over this part of their head. And I asked him how do you figure that out? He said, “oh I just took a piece of copper screening up with me that I had grounded I was moving it around”. And he said “you put it there it would block it”. Looks like a familiar spot doesn't it. Coincidence maybe.


And there's a small but very robust literature showing that human perception will vary depending upon the integrated power delivered, looking at parameters that could underlie this perception. And in fact this was pursued, some work supported by Department Defense Office of Naval Research looking at impulse exposures to microwave energy. In this case they put a little electrode on the round window membrane so you could record cochlear potential changes and played microwave pulses, roughly 900 Megahertz range pulses to guinea pigs and they recorded an ultrasonic emission. Meaning that the ear was emitting at that level and was excited at that level and in fact ringing at that level. Next slide please. And because this was fundamental work, I'll show you just to get a feeling for the original data. This is recording when there's a click either initially positive or initially negative, this is what you'll call the microphonic potential that comes out from that. Here is when it was played on the same time base, when they played a single radar click and this is magnified about a hundredfold in terms of the time base. And you can see how it is ringing. What they reported show you the traces that when they went with pulses ranging (...) you can see the different total energy delivery per kilogram that came out of this. But if you take a look at the range in times one microsecond to 10 microseconds you got a resonance inside of the ear. Ok? What is it? Next slide please.
They really don't know but there was some work out of the former Soviet Union where they did something I would be reluctant to do nowadays, they took a big old horn antenna and stuck it right up on the side of the head of people and they asked the question: at what frequency of pulse repetition do people hear radars. They did an audiogram for radar pulses and they found in the 10 to 15 kilohertz pulse repetition range, a maximum sensitivity of people for it."
Dr. Balaban is currently working on a project funded by the Office of Naval Research which will analyze how different head structures can function as waveguides, as well as how these are implicated in resonance and cavitation phenomena.
"The question is if people are being exposed to different kinds of directed energy, what's receiving it, what's amplifying it, what are the vulnerabilities inside the head and other parts of the body. We don't know a lot about that now. But (...) if we're taking a look at these kinds of mechanisms, at wave transmission, resonance and cavitation properties, this is possibly a way that you could get additive effects for many of these multiple modalities of energy delivery."
"Dr. Giordano kindly reviewed all that, went over the basis for all this material. Blood vessels as he showed you are surrounded, major blood vessels are surrounded by interstitial fluid, brain fluid which is confluent with fluid in the subarachnoid space and look like coaxial waveguides in the Virchow-Robin spaces. Next feature, we have the ventricles, this external system which he mentioned again. Fluid-filled, possibly resonant chambers. We have the inner ear, we also have P air spaces, we have our sinuses, we have our middle ear cavity, all of which can act as amplifiers and have effect through cavitation, as well as through different acoustic resonances of the structures."
[7min36s] Now this is a simulation (we'll play it in a moment) presenting a multiple sine wave. So sine waves being presented to the (head). This is a finite element model of the human head. The publication reference is here Dr. Vipperman and I did this. It contains hard and soft tissues. Brain is modeled with different white matter and gray matter constituents to it. Blood vessels are not included, the meninges are included. (...) Would you play the model, would you play the simulation please? So three sine waves are being played to this from externally and they are at 10, 10.166 and at 10.322 KHz. So this is as if you present a signal. Let's play it again please.
So what you'll see is a beginning in the ear and then you notice this is resonance in the subarachnoid space moving along that and centering right over here, over the temporal region. We saw the middle cerebral artery. It is a major artery with everything conveying along that area. (...) Next slide please.
Now, with this one, it's the same model but instead of having three different sines, we simply put in pseudo-random noise in the ultrasound level above 10 kilohertz. Next slide. So you see the same pattern when we're working with incident energy in that area. It is producing resonances, resonances over certain areas beginning in the ear and moving out into the subarachnoid space in a model, okay... Just let's store that away and remember this area as we look forward through some of the literature."
Full transcript: