1st scientific publication on Health Incidents - Penn State - March 2018
"Neurological Manifestations Among US Government Personnel Reporting Directional Audible and Sensory Phenomena in Havana, Cuba"
2nd scientific publication on Health Incidents - UC San Diego - October 2018
3rd scientific publication on Health Incidents - Univ. of Miami - December 2018
"Acute findings in an acquired neurosensory dysfunction"
Hoffer M.E., Levin B., Snapp H., Buskirk J., Balaban C. "Acute findings in an acquired neurosensory dysfunction" Laryng. Invest. Otolaryngology 2018
@UMiamiMedicine on Facebook:
100 percent of Cuba Embassy victims are diagnosed with an inner ear disorder consisting of a vestibular, largely otolithic, pathology, i.e. a balance abnormality, as well as a specific pattern
of cognitive symptoms.
Tests and results:
1. Visual and auditory reaction time. Cervical and occular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) metrics.
2. Computerized test of subjective visual vertical (SVV) consisting of aligning a line straight up and down as a test of the function of the utricle and saccule which are the inner ear organs that
sense acceleration and orientation of head to gravity. Result: High rate abnormality - 22/25, 88%
Peripheral vestibular pathology affecting the otolithic organs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestibular_system "The vestibular system is the sensory
system that provides the leading contribution to the sense of balance and spatial orientation." It is located in the inner ear. the vestibular system comprises two components: the semicircular
canals which indicate rotational movements; and the otoliths which indicate linear accelerations. The vestibular system sends signals primarily to the neural structures that control eye movements,
and to the muscles that keep an animal upright and in general control posture. The projections to the former provide the anatomical basis of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, which is required for clear
vision; while the projections to the latter provide the anatomical means required to enable an animal to maintain its desired position in space."
Video Press Conference by the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine on 2018-12-12
4th scientific publication on Health Incidents - Univ. of Miami - December 2018
"Neuroimaging Findings in US Government Personnel With Possible Exposure to Directional Phenomena in Havana, Cuba"
Scientific report concerning a diplomat who experienced health incidents - December 2019
"Neuroscientific Report on Quantitative MRI Volumetrics and Diffusion Tensor Imaging" | pdf: https://concussionfoundation.org/sites/default/files/Lenzi_DTI-Report_2019.pdf
MRI volumetrics and white matter tractography (mapping of neural cell axons) with MRI diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)
If white matter (myelin or neural cell axon) is injured, water flow/diffusion along it will be irregular i.e. anisotropic.
To evaluate diffusion we use a tensor, an algebraic object which maps 3D coordinates (cf. scalar, vector, tensor).
Protocol: Examination of 48 regions individually according the John Hopkins atlas
MRI by both Penn State University and "Doctors Imaging" center followed by analysis by "Mindset", the consulting group of the "Mind Research Network" (University of New Mexico)
Initial collaborators of Mind Research Network : "Massachusetts General Hospital’s Martinos Biomedical Imaging Center (Harvard and MIT), the University of Minnesota, the University of New
Mexico, and Los Alamos National Laboratory." https://www.mrn.org/about/what-we-do
A comprehensive video on DTI is available at this link: