(Note that all words in blue on this page, including titles, represent links)


European Commission > Environment > (Policies) Nature & Biodiversity 




European Commission > Environment > Nature & Biodiversity > Nature and Biodiversity Law


Two main pieces of legislation:

Birds Directive (1979 - Directive on the conservation of wild birds)

Habitats Directive (1992 Directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora)


New pieces:

Zoos Directive

Wildlife Trade Legislation

Invasive Alien Species Regulation


Fitness Check of the EU Nature Directives (Feb 2014-Spring2016)


"The Habitats and Birds Directives are being assessed to ensure they are 'fit for purpose', as part of a Commission-wide exercise. Find out more about the current fitness check of the nature law. "



Excerpt from 2nd Infographics source:

Understanding the Fitness Check Nature Legislation in the EU 




  • Stakeholder consultation
  • Public consultation
  • A review of scientific literature and published reports, including:
    • The State of Nature in the EU
    • The mid-term review of EU biodiversity strategy to 2020







Adoption of "State of Nature" in the EU report - May 2015



"Every six years, Member States report on the conservation status of species and habitat types protected under the EU Directives. The report covers all wild bird species (about 450), 231 habitat types and more than 1200 other species of EU interest"


European Commission @EU_Commission

State of Nature: Largest ever assessment draws a mixed picture for Europe's habitats and species: http://europa.eu/!uD79fY  @KarmenuVella

12:27 PM - 20 May 2015




2016-02-02: Adoption of the European Parliament Resolution on the Mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020



Citing EU Commissioner for Environment @KarmenuVella on Twitter 2016-02-02

"Today is an important day for biodiversity in the @Europarl_EN"


"Efficient & Effective #Natura2000 is invaluable.
It provides us with: Powerful legislation, flexibility and a strong network".



EU Environment Retweeted

My remarks at y'day evening's @Europarl_EN biodiversity debate https://ec.europa.eu/commission/2014-2019/vella/announcements/opening-remarks-adoption-european-parliament-resolution-mid-term-review-eu-biodiversity-strategy_en … #naturealert #Naturefit4all



"The ongoing fitness check of the EU nature legislation provoked the highest ever number of responses to a Commission public consultation, demonstrating the level of importance of nature and biodiversity to European citizens. It has also generated a huge amount of evidence."




European Commission > Environment > Nature & Biodiversity > Natura 2000



Natura 2000: A network of protected areas

(Excerpt: "In a nutshell")

"Stretching over 18 % of the EU’s land area and almost 6 % of its marine territory, it is the largest coordinated network of protected areas in the world. It offers a haven to Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats."


Directives applying directly to Natura 2000: Birds DirectiveHabitats Directive


Excerpt from this Link: "Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of sites designated under the Birds Directive (Special Protection Areas, SPAs) and the Habitats Directive (Sites of Community Importance, SCIs, and Special Areas of Conservation, SACs)."



European Commission > Environment > Nature & Biodiversity > Knowledge and Data > Natura 2000 data and maps >


Natura GIS (Public) Viewer : http://natura2000.eea.europa.eu/#







European Commission > Environment > Nature & Biodiversity > Knowledge and Data > Natura 2000 data and maps > Natura 2000 database and GIS


Excerpt from page:


"You can access the Member States' Natura 2000 webpages below. (link towards the inferior part of the page)"


"For each Natura 2000 site, national authorities have submitted a standard data form (SDF) that contains an extensive description of the site and its ecology."


"The European Topic Centre for Biological Diversity (ETC/BD), based in Paris, is responsible for validating this data and creating an EU wide descriptive database."


EU Environment ‏@EU_ENV

Savez-vous combien y a-t-il de sites #Natura2000 en France? @UEMarseille @UEfrance http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/db_gis/index_en.htm …



Lien vers la page Natura2000 & Seine-Saint-Denis



EU's Natura 2000 database is managed by the 

European Topic Centre for Biological Diversity (ETC/BD) 

(National Museum of National History, Paris, France)






ETC/BD offices in Paris

  • Visiting adress: 
    36, rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
    Maison de Buffon
    Oposite to the Grande Galerie de l'évolution
    Corner of Rue Buffon and Rue Geoffroy Saint Hilaire
    interphone at entrance, call "CTEBD"
    3rd floor, right.