Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) 

is one of the most cost-effective ways for lowering greenhouse gas emissions


Placing CO2 from air back in the ecological cycle

Forestry sector, mainly through deforestation, is the second largest source of greenhouse emissions after the energy sector




Global initiative: REDD+ framework (inaugurated by COPs)

UN initiative for developping countries: UN-REDD



The REDD+ Framework



REDD+ is a climate change mitigation solution that many initiatives, including the UN-REDD Programme, are currently developing and supporting. Other multilateral REDD+ initiatives include the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and Forest Investment Program (FIP), hosted by The World Bank.


REDD+ is seen as one of the most cost-effective ways of stabilizing the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to avoid a temperature rise of two degrees Celsius. But standing forests also conserve carbon while supporting the livelihoods of a large number of Indigenous Peoples and forest-dependent communities as well providing essential ecosystem services such as habitat for biodiversity and provisioning clean water supplies.


Further, it’s about making the private sector part of the solution by providing the kinds of market signals, mechanisms and incentives to encourage investments that manage and conserve the world’s nature-based resources rather than mining them. So it is about making money and conserving the planet too and if REDD can be structured right, the money will be made not just by carbon traders, but also by developing countries and communities for providing the forest-based carbon storage service.


Indeed it is predicted that financial flows from North to South for GHG reductions from REDD could reach up to US$30 billion a year—funds that can be invested in renewable energy projects to assist the two billion people without access to electricity or hospitals or new schools.



Excerpt from

Wider REDD+ Community 



The UN-REDD Programme


Link "About UN-REDD"


"The UN-REDD Programme is the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) in developing countries."


"The UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes and promotes the informed and meaningful involvement of all stakeholders, including Indigenous Peoples and other forest-dependent communities, in national and international REDD+ implementation."


"The UN-REDD Programme currently supports 60 partner countries across Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean."



Forestry sector, mainly through deforestation, is the second largest source of greenhouse emissions after the energy sector

UNEP site link (excerpts below)


"As the forests disappear, the natural sink they provide for absorbing of carbon dioxide is lost with them. This leaves more carbon in the atmosphere and exacerbates global warming. At the United Nations Framework Convention on  Climate Change (UNFCCC)13th Conference of Parties (COP-13) in December 2007, Parties agreed to step-up efforts towards reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in developing countries."


"The loss of forests releases carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. The forestry sector, mainly through deforestation, accounts for about 17% of global greenhouse emissions, making it the second largest greenhouse source after the energy sector."


"The UN Environment Programme (UNEP),

the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and

the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

teamed up in the UN-REDD Programme, a unique collaborative initiative."


"Key Facts

  • REDD was first introduced on the UNFCCC agenda at the Conference of the Parties (COP11) in December 2005
  • At COP-13, Norway pledged an annual contribution of up to 3 billion Norwegian Kroners (432 million US dollars) towards a global initiative on REDD



 Alexandra Cousteau retweeted

Ex-Nasa man to plant one billion trees a year using drones 

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EU and REDD+

"Combatting tropical deforestation: the REDD+ initiative"


EU financing for REDD+

"The EU's approach to REDD+ builds on its Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan as well as international initiatives such as the REDD+ Partnershipthe Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) the EU REDD Facility, and the UN-REDD programme.


The European Commission commits approximately €25 million a year to initiatives piloting REDD+ in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The Commission is investigating ways to stimulate private sector investment in addressing the drivers of deforestation and further increase the effectiveness and efficiency of REDD+ financing."



US and REDD+





In November 2013, the U.S., Norway, and the U.K. launched a public-private partnership to support forests in developing countries, with the goal of reducing emissions from deforestation and promoting sustainable agriculture. The initiative has identified its first four priority countries and begun initial work.


(end of excerpt)


Here is the cited partnership:

The BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes



A note on China's reforestation plan as presented in its INDC

Cf. page on this site

Excerpt from China’s INDC's%20INDC%20-%20on%2030%20June%202015.pdf


(…) China has nationally determined its actions by 2030 as follows:

4.  To increase the forest stock volume by around 4.5 billion cubic meters on the 2005 level.


Comments on action 4


“Increasing forest carbon stocks by 4.5 billion cubic meters implies an increase in forest cover of 50-100 million hectares (124-247 million acres) of forest, or about two to four times the size of the United Kingdom. This amount of forest would create a roughly 1-gigaton carbon sink, equivalent to stopping tropical deforestation for almost a full year, or taking 770 million cars off the road.”


“China increased its tree cover by 49 million hectares (121 million acres) over 20 years, from 1990 to 2010.”





The REDD+ Resource, a Newsletter by the UN-REDD

A playful tweet by UNEP on 2015-08-07, presenting the August-September Newsletter. One could say it refers to the connection between the acronym REDD and the red prigments that are formed in some leaves in autumn. Reference

Read: #REDD+ update - new @unredd partner countries & reducing emissions from deforestation:


Suggested alternative link: Newsletter archive - August-September issue 2015

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(Note: name of a un-redd@org employee appears at the Newsletter link)