Pentagon briefing on the Cuba “Health Attacks” by researchers on 2018-09-07


The Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon were briefed by teleconference on the Cuba Health Attacks on 2018-09-07 by three researchers who studied the symptoms of U.S. diplomats and their families. The researchers were University of Miami Neuro-Otologist/Otolaryngologist Dr. Michael Hoffer, University of Georgetown Chief of Neuroethics Studies Program Dr. James Giordano and University of Pittsburgh Otolaryngologist Dr. Carey Balaban.


Dr. Hoffer was one of the first specialists that was called by the State Department to evaluate the victims. He is affiliated with the Navy for more than two decades and has experience in traumatic brain injury (TBI) from his deployment during the Iraq war.


As reported by CBS News (references 1, 2), Dr. Giordano mentioned that most likely the incidents are linked to some form of electromagnetic pulse generation and/or hypersonic generation which would use the architecture of the human head to create something similar to an energetic amplifier or lens to induce a cavitational effect mediating the symptoms of the patients.


Dr. Giordano also referred to the notion of "brain sciences as forming at least one vector to the new battle space".


Sharon Weinberg, author of books on the scientific activities of the Pentagon/DARPA, reports on the briefing at her article: (


According to the article Dr. Hoffer mentioned: “As regards to foreign countries, I can tell you this much: Great Britain, Germany, Canada and France described it potentially being present in their embassy individuals,” he said. “But we either can’t say, or are not allowed to say if we saw any of those individuals.”


Sharon Weinberger is the author of:

Imaginary Weapons: A Journey Through the Pentagon's Scientific Underworld (2006)

The Imagineers of War: The Untold Story of DARPA, the Pentagon Agency that Changed the World (2017)


Commentaire en français

Les Chef d'État-Major du Pentagone ont été informés par téléconférence des « Attaques/Atteintes à la Santé » à Cuba le 2018-09-07 par trois chercheurs qui ont étudié les symptômes des diplomates américains et de leurs familles. Reportage de Sharon Weinberg, auteur d'ouvrages sur les activités scientifiques du Pentagone/de la DARPA:


Dr. Hoffer: « En ce qui concerne les pays étrangers, je ne peux vous dire que le suivant: la Grande-Bretagne, l'Allemagne, le Canada et la France ont décrit la présence potentielle de ceci dans leurs ambassades », a-t-il déclaré. "Mais nous ne pouvons pas dire, ou ne sommes pas autorisés à dire si nous avons examiné un de ces individus."




SOFWERX/Special Operation Command event on Neuroweapons - Presentations on Cuba “Health Attacks” by researchers on 2018-08-21


"Neurotechnologies as Weapons of Mass Disruption or Future Asymmetric Warfare: Putative Mechanisms, Emerging Threats, and Bad Actor Scenarios"


SOFWERX, in collaboration with the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)/J5 Donovan Group hosted on 2018-08-21 a “Radical Speaker Series” on neuroweapons (quote) "after several recent individuals at embassies in Cuba and China have incurred apparent brain injury following some form of ambient environmental insult or attack."



> Presentation by Dr. Hoffer MD


First presentation was given by Dr. Michael Hoffer, MD, University of Miami, Navy-affiliated Neuro-Otologist/Otolaryngologist * with experience in traumatic brain injury (TBI) from his deployment in the Iraq war. Dr. Hoffer was one of the first physicians to be called by the State Department to examine the victims.






Image: Dr. M. Hoffer during his presentation



Dr. Hoffer’s presentation:





Important excerpts follow. The full transcript is provided at this link.


“Symptoms being dizziness, cognitive disorders, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, pain in the ears or headache”.


“If you take the subjective visual vertical and the VEMP (Visual Evoked Myogenic Potentials) data, every one of the affected individuals, all 25 of them, had at least one test that was abnormal, telling us that their utricle or their saccule in least one year were affected. So the organs that tell you that you're up and down were affected universally in this population. That set of organs is extremely important because that gives you a perception of where you are in space. Not where your head’s turning but how your body is oriented to gravity. And when these organs are affected, when these organs are abnormal in this population and in other vestibular populations, individuals are severely affected. Because if you don't know which way up and down is, you're not really good for anything else.”


“Cognitive fog, inattention, problems retrieving information and increased irritability. And when you did the testing they were below the expected level for verbal fluency, for working memory and for sustained attention. They had difficulty with auditory processing and difficulty with increased levels of cognitive load. Now, while this pattern of abnormalities can be seen in other populations, at least according to our neuropsychological colleagues, the unique pattern seen here is unique to this group. So we have a unique set of vestibular findings and we have a unique set of neurocognitive or neuropsychological findings, and that combination is not seen in any other group of patients.”


“So I'm not we're not saying this is not mTBI but this does not fit the military definition of mTBI as subscribed a year ago”.


[14min08s] “So what is it. It's an acquired neurosensory dysfunction with essentially universal otolithic disorders, some additional vestibular findings and a unique pattern of cognitive findings. Remember, I described for you that otolithic abnormalities, utricle and saccule, mean that the individual has an abnormal gravity sense. Now, the site of injury could be limited to the inner ear with secondary cognitive dysfunction. Because when you don't know what upright is. Essentially when you're being chased by a tiger in the jungle and you fall down, you ‘re dinner for the tiger. It really doesn't matter if you can balance your checkbook or function cognitively. So it's quite possible, we have data in our lab with Carey and Bonnie as well that show that if you have a dysfunction of what's up and down, you don't have a lot of mental energy left over for cognitive tasks. So the injury could be limited to the inner ear and the cognitive effects may be secondary as simply the inability to know what up and down is. Or there could be injury in multiple parts of the system, that remains to be determined. But we're working on that now because, again, if you don't know what up and down is, you can't do much cognitively."



> Presentation by Dr. Giordano





“Embassy Encephalopathy” - J.Giordano PhD, Georgetown University
Full transcript:
Excerpts: "I'm a neuropathologist, I've been doing neuroscience for about 38 years." "My work is fairly well known for the term "neural weaponology." Back into 2006 and 2007 we developed a paradigm by which neuroscience could be weaponized and we assessed that on the world stage." (...) "By 2014 the National Academies and National Research Council reconvened and demonstrated that not only were the brain sciences viable but they were in fact of high value and were in use globally as neural weapons."
"We understand that during the 1970s and 1980s a number of countries were examining the idea of electromagnetic pulse devices, sonic devices. Some of these have gone sort of mass-market production, some of these are commercially available even today as Dr. Balaban will illustrate to you. These are purchasable direct off the shelf. Moreover, we know that there have been a lot of dedicated efforts by nation-states and including from non-state actors that have tried to get work in this area, primarily to create weapons of mass disruption. And we see these being used for example with varying success on crowds, small aggregates of people and against individuals." [19min49] "One of the things we worry about for example for an inner ear infection is the communication of that infection into the brain space that then would produce a meningitis. But if we create a pressure wave here, we can disrupt the internal structures in two ways. Number one, primarily by amplifying it through the Venturi effect of creating cavitation in this structure here called the ductus reuniens, which then affects the saccule, the ampulus here, the utriculus. And/or by then creating an effect that would then communicate upward into the brain space by creating a cavitational wave that goes up through the cochlear aqueduct directly into the cerebrospinal fluid.
Now recall the cerebrospinal fluid bathes the brain. So what you would tend to see is injuries that occur in around the space beginning here, that could then cause a more disruptive effect as you actually disrupt the flow of this fluid. This fluid moves. Any cavitation in this fluid is going to be disruptive and it can create something which is known as “communicating hydrocephalus”. So now what's happening is you're actually getting a change in the level of the fluid because of bubble expansion, bubble collapse. This continues to communicate, it doesn't disrupt the flow of that fluid, but it can produce neurological sequelae, both short and long-term. The other thing that that can then do is that can produce a lot of change in the way the brain resorbs its blood flow, because this particular mechanism also affects the way blood is exchanged between the brain space and the vascular space. But the vascular space is also a portal by which peripheral disruption can then lead to central disruption."
[21min56s] "So if we look at these communications what we can see is that any type of communication here into the subarachnoid space is capable of inducing a variable pressure wave, a cavitation wave, inclusive cavitation damage at a variety of different brain locales. We know that one of the things that this can then do is that can actually disrupt the integrity of the tissue because you're now increasing two things: number one, localized pressure, which then actually creates a traumatic event, which can then lead to axonal shearing and vascular effects which can then disrupt the blood flow to the brain. Disrupt the blood flow to the brain can then lead to microhemorrhagic infarcts, small level blood blood flow disruption, small areas of necrosis in the brain and this would then be more long-term. So clearly one way we could affect the brain through the inner ear is through the fluid medium that occurs via the inner ear directly to the subarachnoid space affecting the fluid medium that surrounds the brain and thereby causing a disruption to the brain structure directly."

> Presentation by Dr. Carey Balaban


Dr. Carey Balaban Ph.D. is Professor of Otolaryngology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, with secondary appointments in Neurobiology, Communication Sciences and Disorders and Bioengineering. 



Full transcript:


Transcript excerpt from "What I'd like to do is shift to the "Frey effect" as it is called. In fact I spoke with Alan Frey a couple of weeks ago, he's working as a consultant in the Washington area still and remembers this well. Very useful, we'll be back in contact with him. But he was telling me how he went to a meeting and someone working with radars said: “I can hear the radar pulses”. He was skeptical, so he went up to a radar facility with the guy, they played it at him and yes indeed he could hear it. And so this is the first paper describing it from Aerospace Medicine in December 1961. Next slide please. And what they did, looking at this in more detail, they went up and basically with all the different kinds of radar emitters they could get their hands on easily, they played different pulses at each other and they found that they were indeed audible and that they could block it by putting a piece of screen over this part of their head. And I asked him how do you figure that out? He said, “oh I just took a piece of copper screening up with me that I had grounded I was moving it around”. And he said “you put it there it would block it”. Looks like a familiar spot doesn't it. Coincidence maybe.


And there's a small but very robust literature showing that human perception will vary depending upon the integrated power delivered, looking at parameters that could underlie this perception. And in fact this was pursued, some work supported by Department Defense Office of Naval Research looking at impulse exposures to microwave energy. In this case they put a little electrode on the round window membrane so you could record cochlear potential changes and played microwave pulses, roughly 900 Megahertz range pulses to guinea pigs and they recorded an ultrasonic emission. Meaning that the ear was emitting at that level and was excited at that level and in fact ringing at that level. Next slide please. And because this was fundamental work, I'll show you just to get a feeling for the original data. This is recording when there's a click either initially positive or initially negative, this is what you'll call the microphonic potential that comes out from that. Here is when it was played on the same time base, when they played a single radar click and this is magnified about a hundredfold in terms of the time base. And you can see how it is ringing. What they reported show you the traces that when they went with pulses ranging (...) you can see the different total energy delivery per kilogram that came out of this. But if you take a look at the range in times one microsecond to 10 microseconds you got a resonance inside of the ear. Ok? What is it? Next slide please.
They really don't know but there was some work out of the former Soviet Union where they did something I would be reluctant to do nowadays, they took a big old horn antenna and stuck it right up on the side of the head of people and they asked the question: at what frequency of pulse repetition do people hear radars. They did an audiogram for radar pulses and they found in the 10 to 15 kilohertz pulse repetition range, a maximum sensitivity of people for it."
Dr. Balaban is currently working on a project funded by the Office of Naval Research which will analyze how different head structures can function as waveguides, as well as how these are implicated in resonance and cavitation phenomena.
"The question is if people are being exposed to different kinds of directed energy, what's receiving it, what's amplifying it, what are the vulnerabilities inside the head and other parts of the body. We don't know a lot about that now. But (...) if we're taking a look at these kinds of mechanisms, at wave transmission, resonance and cavitation properties, this is possibly a way that you could get additive effects for many of these multiple modalities of energy delivery."
"Dr. Giordano kindly reviewed all that, went over the basis for all this material. Blood vessels as he showed you are surrounded, major blood vessels are surrounded by interstitial fluid, brain fluid which is confluent with fluid in the subarachnoid space and look like coaxial waveguides in the Virchow-Robin spaces. Next feature, we have the ventricles, this external system which he mentioned again. Fluid-filled, possibly resonant chambers. We have the inner ear, we also have P air spaces, we have our sinuses, we have our middle ear cavity, all of which can act as amplifiers and have effect through cavitation, as well as through different acoustic resonances of the structures."
[7min36s] Now this is a simulation (we'll play it in a moment) presenting a multiple sine wave. So sine waves being presented to the (head). This is a finite element model of the human head. The publication reference is here Dr. Vipperman and I did this. It contains hard and soft tissues. Brain is modeled with different white matter and gray matter constituents to it. Blood vessels are not included, the meninges are included. (...) Would you play the model, would you play the simulation please? So three sine waves are being played to this from externally and they are at 10, 10.166 and at 10.322 KHz. So this is as if you present a signal. Let's play it again please.
So what you'll see is a beginning in the ear and then you notice this is resonance in the subarachnoid space moving along that and centering right over here, over the temporal region. We saw the middle cerebral artery. It is a major artery with everything conveying along that area. (...) Next slide please.
Now, with this one, it's the same model but instead of having three different sines, we simply put in pseudo-random noise in the ultrasound level above 10 kilohertz. Next slide. So you see the same pattern when we're working with incident energy in that area. It is producing resonances, resonances over certain areas beginning in the ear and moving out into the subarachnoid space in a model, okay... Just let's store that away and remember this area as we look forward through some of the literature."
Full transcript:





Acoustic stimuli: Georg von Békésy and Cochlear Transduction


[9min44] Now, the classic idea of acoustic stimuli impinging on us. We think about the ear and the cochlea is a transducer. The classic work on this, the Nobel work of von Békésy on cochlear transmission, in fact he was funded for a while for some of this work by Office of Naval Research historically back in the early 1960s. The mechanical resonance of the basilar membrane is one of the features as Dr. Giordano mentioned. The peak resonance varies from high frequencies at the cochlear base to low frequencies at the cochlear apex. So if I have high frequency ultrasound input in, where is it affecting you? Right down at the base. What's right next to the base? The otolith organs, your organs of balance and the activation of the sensory cells with relay through. Next slide please. I can show you this, okay. (...) Here is a cross-section through a human ear. (Figure 1). You can see the basal, middle and apical turns of the cochlea. Here is the hearing apparatus and if you unwrap it like this from the base to the apex, this just shows that when sound is incident at a certain level, it sets up a standing wave at a certain frequency. Based on the resonance of this membrane, this resonance it's like a resonating beam like a xylophone, it's going to resonate. And at the point where it's resonating these hair cells which are on the surface of the cochlea have their tips deformed and they transduce that sound. That's how the hearing system normally works. Now what you'll notice is off on the lateral edge here (I'll walk over here where I can point to it) you'll see there's a structure called the Stria Vascularis. We'll get to that in just a moment. Next slide please. 


Figure 1: Slide by Dr. Balaban entitled "Classical Cochlear Mechanics". (Slide 12 in pdf link)


So here this just shows you, this just shows us that we come to the base of the cochlea, the hook portion of the cochlea which is excited by extremely high frequency sound. Sits in very close proximity to the organs of balance, the saccule and the utricle. 


Figure 2: Slide by Dr. Balaban entitled "Vestibule and Hook Portion" (Slide 11 in pdf link)


So take-home message: they are in vulnerable spot guys, they're sitting right there.



Figure 3: Dr. Balaban mentions take-home message.




Please refer to section: "Ear as a frequency analyser" for more information. The following figure is provided as reference



Figure 5: The ear as a frequency analyser


> Presentation by Dr. James Canton 

Dr. James Canton is a future technology advisor and CEO of the Institute for Global Futures. As mentioned at, “he has advised three White House Administrations and over 100 companies” (cf. advisor at the interagency working group on nanotechnology at NSF during Clinton and Bush Presidencies).
Full transcript:
What is the possibility or the new reality in the area of hybrid conflict or hybrid threats? "This is an operational deployed capability, soft, non-lethal. The possibilities in what we call hybrid conflicts are that there is now a new weapon, a neuroweapon technology that was now available. We have to accept that as the new reality. And we particularly have to accept it for authenticity purposes because it has already been deployed. And it was targeted and purposeful. I don't believe that it was an accident because of the cohort that was targeted. And now that we have two incidences that we can compare data on (...), there are other friendlies that were targeted, so the assumption of accepting the deployment of a new weaponized capability, is: let's get over it, okay we got that. Now the issues are deterrence, prevention, diagnostics. That's my operating premise." "Okay, so I would hypothesize that neurotech is going to be a contributing factor in driving the next hybrid war which is already started. And this is an era of, again, soft non-lethal moving towards something else. Think about the implications of a neural technology capability that could render for a decision-making command structure dysfunctionality in terms of decision-making and just distort time. I want to distort time. I want people to lose track with time and I want to affect that part of the brain that leaders have to do that. How would that affect the battalion, how would that affect the series of negotiators for a treaty? How would that affect people? You might lose track of time. And have a stress factor. Could I echo-locate and deliver that signal? Could I gentlemen? Yes. Possibilities are there. So we think about hybrid conflict as irregular forces, diplomacy, cyberattacks, economic warfare. What if this is a new contributing dimension to that and we haven't thought about that, we're not there. And if anything, this is a wake-up call to what? That capability said." "We need to be forecasting and imagining these kinds of models and possibilities because somebody's already shot across our brow. You know this is a clinical trial in the wild and they've used the target to be American officials. Now we've got two instances, we don't know any other instances, other like this, based on (...) So you have to assume it's a purposeful targeted attack."


Figure 6: Dr. Canton

[Note: Referring to 1st slide below] "Let me start with the data set in the middle, which is what is apparently “legal”. That's what's legal, in terms of confidence. The notice, it's psychological effects, psyops stuff, it's basically dysfunctionality-rendering, lack of capacity, acoustic weaponry. Alright. This is about ten years old, this slide. So it's not like this stuff is new, it's maybe being deployed in a new way, okay."
"So I'm not going to go through all that but I also want to point out that this is a patent from 1999. I did a scan as part of research with my team looking at patents and you know when you look at patents it gives you a sense of intellectual property of what people were thinking about that they wanted to do. 1999 you've got an acoustic heterodyne US patent 5889870 ( of March 30th and it gives you a sense of what are the possibilities (...). So also, this are devices that are being carried around from various sources, this one is from Canada, backpack that's Moore's law, the operationalization of Moore's law, but these are also devices that have been used for crowd control, larger populations. But they're targeted uses that are portable."
[Note: Referring to 2nd slide below - Crowd control] These are examples of deployments, real-time deployments. Again, am I saying they're exact for we've seen in Cuba or in Asia? Similar. But these are for crowds. In the circle is the devices that are mounted, some of them I'm not going to get into exactly what the actual technology is but as you can see the people the hands over their ears, you know, it's how you get a fact. Okay so it's not like this has not been fielded as well, okay."


Figure 7: Slide from Dr. Canton's presentation



Figure 8: Slide from Dr. Canton's presentation - Crowd control

"Bad Guy Hunting Threat Analysis" 
Excerpts start: 
(1) Identity Analysis - Agent (cf. neurotoxin), Device
(Note: Devices and weapons were mentioned in talks) "For all intents and purposes this is a capability analysis that's been deployed, targeted, chosen."
(2) Benefits Matrix-Winners/Losers & (3) Actor capabilities
"So the second is, kind of benefits, wins and loses, who benefits from this. Who benefits. Well, the first order of benefits are the folks that are perpetrating this, what are they doing? Demonstrating capability said. Why would that be useful? Who would benefit from that? What's useful is to be able to determine what the impact is and did the impact confirm what our objectives of that was. I said earlier this is a clinical trial in the wild on humans. The second order of that is against whom. Well, the who is America's. That's very valuable to who? Well, that's a short list of people that would sponsor that and maybe they didn't sponsor it but maybe it's bad actors, rogues that are basically advertising."
(4) Vendor & Supply Chain Map
"I ran an operation where (...) I needed a drone delivery. I picked up the internet, found four or five places throughout Baghdad, Iraq, Afghanistan, Paris, Marseille to put together an order. Nobody ever asked me why I wanted to."
Refer also to post on "Proof of Concept: Iran Bad Guy Hunting Threat Analysis"
(5) Ideologic, For Profit, Research
Likely all of them (...)
(6) Geopolitical Signaling and Payback
"What has occurred recently, what's the short list of trade sanctions that are currently been deployed? Against who? The short list? Look at the list. Is there a geopolitical payback of which this event might be related to? Or what are the implications of that? The short list for major countries. Not hard to figure out."

(7) Rogue, sovereign, dark network | (9) History of comparable events | (10) Terrorist product line extension
"The commercialization of weaponized technology is a key driver."


"Rogue, sovereign, dark network: We spend a lot of time trying to figure out, is it this or is it that, maybe it's all of it. Maybe it's a carve out that doesn't know and they're playing."


"Also, at the end of the day likely this event is a contractor looking for business, it wants to prove up a capability and you got to think, wait a minute, Cuba kind of get that, a back-order, we don't really have a embassy per se you know. In China, given the treaties and associated with this and the target of the population, wait a minute. So that in some ways who does that eliminate? Probably eliminates China. And probably then you start to ask yourself who would benefit from trying to being embarrassed with this insult occurring where they're responsible based on the treaties against Americans. That's a shorter list. It could get more complicated because you've got what I call, we'll get to this, a fractured sovereign scenario*. Okay I don't want to go into all this.


It's like if you look at the incursion in India back in the day of Mumbai. That was an advertising for a capability that was deployed someplace else in the world.


So you got to think geopolitical in terms of what are the largest cities, what those supply chains look like. And don't look at me over here, I'm going to try something over here but I'm really interested in showing this capability for something else. Think about it like the history of comparable events for analogous deployments, like cyber. Could neuro end up looking like cyber and the answer is yes it's a proven up model, in fact a product line extension from cyber would be neuro. Why not. Hey, we've done great with cyber and turns our profit center and now we've got a new capability, who wants to sign up? Prove up the capability. The commercialization of weaponized technology is a key driver. More so than you like."




Proof of Concept: "Iran Bad Guy Hunting Threat Analysis"
Developed by Dr. Canton for the United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM)
Mapping of the Supply Chain, the Ecosystem of Involvement "So this is again a body of work that I had developed when I was advising SOCOM: Iran bad guy hunting targeting. And I came up with this concept of dark networks. Dark network is a criminal terrorist, sometimes sovereign, who worked together in a supply chain to be able to create and implement and plan and deliver. So in these global dark networks which is kind of what has evolved, there are a variety of actors, rogue states, radicals, non states, criminal who involved in a variety of parts of a supply chain that you need to be able to make stuff, deploy stuff and produce disruption and conflict. You have to have banking, you've got to have logistics, you've got to have things to trade that are non-monetary, you need to have crypto - where's our crypto friend, there he is, call out to the crypto world, crypto currencies - you've got to have the ability to be able to have other monetary forms to support your operation that are non-transferable, trend discoverable, you need to have a complete supply chain.
Think about it like, you know, Walmart has a supply chain, right? They grow stuff and make stuff all over the world and they figure out where to ship it to, to assemble for the best taxes and which monetary unit to use, where to deliver to, what markets or... It's a supply chain. So dark networks have supply chains. Criminals, terrorists and sovereigns, bad actors have supply chains. So if you're in the bad guy hunting business, you got to understand the supply chain. Follow the money, follow the logistics, follow the customers, follow the producers." "So when we start to apply that thinking to who are potential bad actors that would do this and why, you have an interesting model. So I built the model around that, years before. But you also start to look at what does the literature indicate regarding who might be interested. The Russian view of modern warfare is based on the idea that the main battlespace is the mind."


Figure 9: Slide from Dr. Canton's presentation - Possible Scenarios


Possible scenarios for the Health Attacks


(1) Fragmented sovereign: Fragmented sovereign is, most countries have a variety of warring factions that have different perspectives, ideologic, political, economic and for various reasons. These competing forces in regions and nations produce what we call fragmented sovereign. And a fragmented sovereign scenario says bad guys basically have implemented this that we're talking about, this new incursion, because they're trying to accomplish something else. You got to think three steps ahead. Well, they do this to be able to engage this, to get people busy over there but they're really interested in something over here. Fragmented sovereign.


(2) Terrorist clinical trial: Second is terrorist clinical trial, these are pretty self-explanatory.


(3) Rogue Actor Practice: Likely I would bet on this as rogue actor practice. And that this is a messy clinical trial because they get to do what? They get to have the Americans who have the best research, to go ahead and do analyze it, bring in the best doctors and then do what? Open democracy, publish all the data, publish it all, do the hard work for us, thank you very much. Now we know and what's better than the Americans to be able to analyze this, because I can't find any Chinese reports. I have seen no Chinese data, very few Chinese reports, no pest control you know Chinese, denials.


(4) Asset for Hire Advertising: So this is something that understands. Now, I'll give you the profile right. This is a private sector bad actor who understands what? He understands social media and information warfare. Clearly he wants to advertise this capability, wants to embarrass the Chinese or at least put them in play and is attacking a select group of State Department officials that have functions. Two nations. Now who's on that list, that's shortlist. That's a short list. Do the math on that.


(5) Dark network show of force: And then a dark network show of force, criminal terrorist organization that again they'd only do that I think because of a commercial (...). Next slide.


Other excerpts:
"So you're likely looking at as I said earlier the two parts of neuro technology, the soft part for all intents and purposes is hey, you know, you're talking about cognitive dysfunction, you'd be able to deliver, a deliverable as cognitive dysfunction to impact what? Decision-making, operations, negotiation, communications, that's a big deal. The hard part is - unless interested in - I don't think the design of this weapon is to kill or maim, I think it's a take parties out. And likely these State officials are not folks that are going to be able to go back in the game. So you got to think about that as a kind of a long-term impact and risk factor of which there could be additional locations."


Conclusion: "It is a bad actor whether they're in alignment with other sovereigns and that. So who would gain from this. The sovereigns again is a short list but it's clearly signaling a geopolitical signal. There is a communication going on. A new neurokinetic weapon would be disruptive in an era of hybrid conflict and we have to assume that we are in a new era. And that new era purports that we have to have a way to deter, prevent and detect. Thank you."