1st scientific publication on Health Incidents - Penn State - March 2018

 

"Neurological Manifestations Among US Government Personnel Reporting Directional Audible and Sensory Phenomena in Havana, Cuba"

 

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2673168

 

 

Expert evaluation 

"Doctors reveal possible ‘neuro-weapon’ used in alleged attacks in Cuba"

 

 

2nd scientific publication on Health Incidents - UC San Diego - October 2018

 

 

 

 

 

3rd scientific publication on Health Incidents - Univ. of Miami - December 2018

 

"Acute findings in an acquired neurosensory dysfunction"


Hoffer M.E., Levin B., Snapp H., Buskirk J., Balaban C. "Acute findings in an acquired neurosensory dysfunction" Laryng. Invest. Otolaryngology 2018

https://doi.org/10.1002/lio2.231

 
From @UMiamiMedNews tweet : "The Havana Embassy Phenomenon: A presentation of the clinical findings published in the peer-reviewed Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology. The study is available: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/lio2.231"
 
@UMiamiMedicine on Facebook:
 
100 percent of Cuba Embassy victims are diagnosed with an inner ear disorder consisting of a vestibular, largely otolithic, pathology, i.e. a balance abnormality, as well as a specific pattern of cognitive symptoms.
 

Tests and results:
1. Visual and auditory reaction time. Cervical and occular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) metrics.
2. Computerized test of subjective visual vertical (SVV) consisting of aligning a line straight up and down as a test of the function of the utricle and saccule which are the inner ear organs that sense acceleration and orientation of head to gravity. Result: High rate abnormality - 22/25, 88%

 

Conclusion:

Peripheral vestibular pathology affecting the otolithic organs.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestibular_system "The vestibular system is the sensory system that provides the leading contribution to the sense of balance and spatial orientation." It is located in the inner ear.  the vestibular system comprises two components: the semicircular canals which indicate rotational movements; and the otoliths which indicate linear accelerations. The vestibular system sends signals primarily to the neural structures that control eye movements, and to the muscles that keep an animal upright and in general control posture. The projections to the former provide the anatomical basis of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, which is required for clear vision; while the projections to the latter provide the anatomical means required to enable an animal to maintain its desired position in space."

 
 
 

Video Press Conference by the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine on 2018-12-12

 

 
 
 

"Report: Cuban diplomats had inner-ear damage early on"

 

 

4th scientific publication on Health Incidents - Univ. of Miami - December 2018

 

"Neuroimaging Findings in US Government Personnel With Possible Exposure to Directional Phenomena in Havana, Cuba"

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2738552

 

Evaluations

 

1. Brain volume analysis (MRI volumetrics): white and gray matter volume, volumes of specific brain regions 


2. Tissue microstructural integrity: diffusion tensor imaging, a category of diffusion MRI or dMRI which examines white matter (neural axons) tracts (cf. white matter tractography); upon damage (including for instance damage to the myelin protective sheath) the diffusion of water is obstructed and becomes irregular i.e. anisotropic (of variant mode); to quantify diffusion we use a tensor, an algebraic object which maps 3D coordinates

 

A comprehensive video on DTI is available at this link:
http://www.doctorsimaging.com/dti-diffuse-tensor-imaging/

 


3. Functional connectivity analysis: resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resting_state_fMRI; evaluation of auditory, visuospatial or executive control subnetworks; 
Wikipedia: "A number of resting-state conditions are identified in the brain, one of which is the default mode network." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Default_mode_network (includes fMRI image)

 

 

 

 

Scientific report concerning a diplomat who experienced health incidents - December 2019

 

"Neuroscientific Report on Quantitative MRI Volumetrics and Diffusion Tensor Imaging" | pdf: https://concussionfoundation.org/sites/default/files/Lenzi_DTI-Report_2019.pdf

 

1. Brain volume analysis (MRI volumetrics): white and gray matter volume, volumes of specific brain regions 


2. Tissue microstructural integrity: diffusion tensor imaging, a category of diffusion MRI or dMRI which examines white matter (neural axons) tracts (cf. white matter tractography); upon damage (including for instance damage to the myelin protective sheath) the diffusion of water is obstructed and becomes irregular i.e. anisotropic (of variant mode); to quantify diffusion we use a tensor, an algebraic object which maps 3D coordinates

 

Protocol: Examination of 48 regions individually according the John Hopkins atlas

 

A comprehensive video on DTI is available at this link:
http://www.doctorsimaging.com/dti-diffuse-tensor-imaging/

 
 
MRI by both Penn State University and "Doctors Imaging" center followed by analysis by "Mindset", the consulting group of the "Mind Research Network" (University of New Mexico) https://directory.unm.edu/departments/department_phone_list.php?dept=10174
 
Initial collaborators of Mind Research Network : "Massachusetts General Hospital’s Martinos Biomedical Imaging Center (Harvard and MIT), the University of Minnesota, the University of New Mexico, and Los Alamos National Laboratory." https://www.mrn.org/about/what-we-do
 
Note that the Mindset consulting group provides forensic expert consultation and helps the two experienced attorneys of the center prepare a court case https://www.mindsetconsultinggroup.com/