The terms “medical monitoring” and “physiological monitoring” refer to the observation or measurement of medical/physiological parameters over time. Examples include the primary vital signs which are body temperature, blood pressure, pulse (heart rate), and breathing rate (respiratory rate). Monitoring can be classified by target parameter, for instance in thermal monitoring, hemodynamic monitoring, respiratory monitoring or cardio-respiratory monitoring and neurophysiological or neural monitoring (e.g. brain wave monitoring, functional neuroimaging).
Remote Medical/Physiological Monitoring (Sensing)
Medical/physiological monitoring includes non-contact remote techniques which use physiological monitoring RADAR systems, such as Doppler RADAR, FMCW (frequency modulated continuous wave) or UWB (ultrawide-band) RADAR, as well as LIDAR systems, such as Doppler LIDAR. In this case, we refer to remote medical/physiological monitoring.
An associated notion is that of "Physiological Spectral Imaging".